Constitution: Adopted: 1988; Resulting from the previous six constitutions, this version of the constitution abolished the monarchy in Brazil and introduced separate state powers. Division of powers. Vargas, formerly the governor of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, remained central to Brazilian national life for the next 24 years, holding office as chief executive on two occasions, 1930–45 and 1951–54. It also reinforces the powers of the legislature and introduces environmental protection. Brazil Independence was proclaimed on September 7th 1822, by Pedro, then Prince of Portugal, who became Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil. CONS TITUTION OF THE PEOP LE 'S R E P U B L IC O F B A N G L A D E S H 4th November 1 972 P R E A M B L E W e, the people of B angladesh, having proclaim ed … The Constitution of India became effective on 26 January 1950. From social to economic rights, Constitution guarantees broad protection. Changes in text need Chamber of Deputies and Senate approval. The current Constitution of Brazil was drafted as a reaction to the period of military dictatorship, and sought to guarantee individual rights and restrict the state's ability to limit freedom, to punish offences and to regulate individual life. Two lawyers, appointed by the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association; Two citizens, of notable juridical learning and spotless reputation, one appointed by the Chamber of Deputies and the other appointed by the Federal Senate. Competency: Federal Constitution, article 103-B, §4: Similar to the U.S. constitution, the government divided itself into four functions: the legislative, executive, judicial and moderating. The President of Brazil is elected by the general population to serve a 4-year term, limited to 2 consecutive terms. Brazilian Constitution: Drafted October 5th, 1988. Brazil had so far seven Constitutions: 1824, 1891, 1934, 1937, 1946, 1967 and 1988. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of Brazil and the federal government. ... PREAMBLE. The first constitution had a strong Catholic monarchy. It lays down the fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions. Brazil - Brazil - The Vargas era: Getúlio Vargas, the losing candidate in the 1930 presidential election, led a revolt that placed him in power. The Brazilian Constitution is the framework for the federal government of Brazil; it maintains the organization and gives fair rights to all the citizens. Brazilian constitution guarantees legal certainty to private sector. B. R. Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee. The new Constitution was innovative in every sense, establishing above all that the Rights of the Indians to the lands they traditionally occupy are of an original nature, in the sense that they are original to the land, prior to the formation of the Brazilian state or government, existing independently of … However, a President who has served two consecutive terms may run for office in the future with a lapse of 4 years. Provisions of Constitution seek the country’s economic development. Brazil is a federal presidential constitutional republic, which is based on a representative democracy.The federal government has three independent branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.. Below, a summary of each of the first six; the full text of the Constitution of 1988 is here. Constitution 1824. Let us now discuss the features of Indian constitution. The Federal Constitution is the supreme law of Brazil. 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