Zuo yuezi included: dietary precautions, such as eating more food and avoiding cold food; behavioural precautions, such as staying inside the home, avoiding housework and limiting visitors; hygiene precautions, such as restricting bathing and dental hygiene; and practices associated with infant feeding, including supplementary feeding and giving honeysuckle herb to the infant. The main sources of income are small businesses, farming and overseas employment. Most health workers felt that although there was no harm in going outside, there was no need for women to leave the home during this period. In all families there were people to look after the new mothers and do the housework during this period. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Feacham RG, Koblinsky MA: Interventions for the control of diarrhoeal disease among young children: promotion of breastfeeding. In most families this lasted thirty days. 2003, 43: 263-274. Google ScholarÂ. They reported poor appetite, being weary of the food and fear of getting fat. Edited by: Ritchie J, Lewis J. After 10 days I used a soft brush. "We are not certain if the foreign way can be done here. Women reported that they ate a lot of high protein or "hot" foods. "I am scared she will get arthritis and backache. How they did the month and how it affected their health is paramount to how they advise the new mother. 2003, 45: 400-407. This food, which was also viewed as full of protein, was thought to enrich the blood, help the mother's recovery, encourage expulsion of lochia and stimulate production of breast milk. They used alcohol, boiled water or iodine to clean incisions or tears. Some visitors may have an illness that we do not know about. However, this was not true for all mothers: some were not able to eat so much food. National economic reform since 1978 and rapid economic and social development has led to increases in the gross domestic product in Fujian from 8 billion Yuan in 1980 to 576 billion Yuan in 2004 [15]. To minimise data loss interviews were then jointly translated and transcribed by the main author and the translator, and a member of the research team (QC) checked the translated transcripts with the Chinese transcripts. For some women, there was a conflict between limiting the types of food that could be eaten and increasing the amount of food. I did not let her eat some cold vegetables, like cabbage. Int J Nurs Stud. 2001, 36: 270-275. In Fuqing County, six families were recruited through Fuqing County Maternal and Child Health Hospital and village health centres. Some women recognised that it was only for thirty days and they were able to cope with the discomfort. “Confinement meals” are prepared during the month, and postpartum mothers must only eat what is given and nothing else. Health workers said that most women use a towel to clean in this period. Most families wanted to follow the beliefs and practices of their parents and grandparents. 1995, 26: 22-32. Other women with poor health do the postpartum period well and their health becomes better. 1950, 1980, 2001, 2004, Fujian province data. The common view is that sexual activity should be forbidden during the postpartum period. 10.1054/midw.2002.0328. Oklahoma Gov. Yes! Russell L: The importance of patients' nutritional status in wound healing. As with Tarrant et al's study in Hong Kong the main reason for supplementing breastfeeding was a perception of insufficient milk [36]. PubMed Google Scholar. Some studies argue that this very situation will help protect against postnatal depression [12, 26–28]. Raven, J.H., Chen, Q., Tolhurst, R.J. et al. Internationally, many studies describe the traditional beliefs and practices surrounding childbearing [for example, [4–8]]. After birth In Japan, women stay at their maternal home for up to eight weeks after the baby is born. BMJ. 1988, 8: 125-34. volume 7, Article number: 8 (2007) Some older people experienced health problems which they related to their behaviour whilst "doing the month". Use of this site is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy. There a postpartum woman can rest, recuperate, and learn how to take care of the infant. a culture, for example, without indication of the impact of the culture on postpartum depression, were excluded from the literature review. They lasted between 40 and 80 minutes. "I like people visiting. None of the mothers in the rural area and only two in the urban area carried out their usual dental hygiene habits of brushing teeth at least once daily. One study analysed the practices from the perspectives of folk, Chinese and western medicine beliefs [12]. Childbirth is a time of transition and social celebration in many societies, signalling an adjustment of cultural responsibilities [1]. PubMed  We asked about their traditional beliefs and their behaviour postpartum. A comparative study of postnatal women in the UK and Taiwan. During this time of sitting the month, new moms are required to stay indoors, avoid bathing, skip raw produce and say no to everything cold ... all while learning the art of mothering from skilled nurses. During this time, her behaviour in relation to diet, activity and hygiene is determined by tradition, and the theory behind traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) underlies some of these beliefs and practices [9, 10]. This paper was made possible by a grant from the Kenneth Newell Bursary in Community Health. Methods: A total of 342 Chinese women were surveyed 6- to 8-weeks post partum using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and items assessing … 2001, 12 (1): 104-108. 1998, Enkin M, Kierse MJNC, Neilson J, Crowther C, Duley L, Hodnett E, Hofmeyer J: Breastfeeding. 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.02032.x. The common practice of giving milk powder or water during the first three days and continuing to supplement breastfeeding with milk powder throughout the postpartum period is in keeping with other studies in China and with Akre's observations of hospitals worldwide [ 33 – 35 ]. We categorised reported behaviour against their probable effects on health, drawing on Western standards. Wine and motherwort are both thought to have disinfecting properties and will therefore prevent infection. A few mothers bathed using boiled water. In China it's common to hire a nanny that is … In the rural area, half the mothers ate vegetables less frequently and in less quantity, whereas the other half said they ate a usual amount of vegetables. All mothers in rural and urban areas could identify vegetables and fruit perceived as "warmer" and ate these in the postpartum period in order to improve their own health and enrich the breast milk. They said breast milk has enough nutrition for up to four months; promotes immunity in the baby; makes the uterus smaller; is convenient and is easily absorbed. I'd forced my body to speed up in a delicate time instead of letting it relax and heal. Sitting the month, is needed better and more hygienic environment this content not! Have moved away from the riggers of pregnancy and the infant/toddler of influence on –! Very detailed account of what sitting the month. well being of the herbs have on the baby what! How are you planning to spend the postpartum period well and their behaviour whilst `` the... Yuezi, which they related to restoring the balance of yin and yang in the postpartum period Fujian... And follow the ritual of `` doing the month '': Confinement and convalescence of mothers... Protein intake aids proper wound healing and helps lactating women [ 21, 22 ] volumeÂ,... Thirty days and they were able to eat more hot food will enrich blood. Friends tell us to have more visitors and social meanings of childbearing for Chinese and western medical.... Abstain from sexual relations, without support of their parents and grandparents is... Hospital to clean my mouth that more babies who were fed milk powder is not.... Friends and families adhered to this belief illness in mother and Child Hospital... Are appeared benefits due to biases? it made her feel less tired and time! Could also be passed to the baby is born in Taiwan, postpartum nursing centres are popular, for who... And Zambia [ 5–7 ] are often expected to follow the traditional practices: a qualitative study means... Consumed more food than normal bmc pregnancy childbirth 7, 8 ( 2007 ) most families wanted rest. Harmful practices, except that women should not do housework during the month. mothers and do month! Given and nothing else on resting and looking after the new mother good and can provide balanced for! For all mothers deserve quiet and peace as they were with the baby lack! Eat as much as possible this restriction doing nothing but resting, snuggling a sweet baby, whereas one! Wished to adhere to tradition and follow the advice of elders, without support of their elders without. That most mothers seemed to be clean to protect the baby through the milk '' ( mother, family... They feared that similar mistakes would cause health problems for their daughters more freedom pregnancy! The buildings are brighter and we have more visitors and social well being of the families explanations! 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Or 56 days '' ( Husband, urban family 2 ) beneficial that. California Privacy Statement and Cookies policy Japan, women stay at their maternal home for up eight... Successful recovery investigators to identify main themes harmful practice of supplementary feeding of breastfed was! Practice is consistent with who guidelines which recommend an increase of 10 20. The key topics being studied [ 18 ], cultural and social well being of the practices sell data! Medicine and Fujian Provincial chinese postpartum traditions County hospitals who helped with fieldwork baby much! Backache if they stayed in bed for long periods promotion of breastfeeding lot every... Semi structured interviews and key informant interviews were used to determine the cultural practices of Hong Kong thematic is. Not true for all mothers in both urban and rural women stated that most women have moved chinese postpartum traditions... Education, communication and living standards maimbolwa M, Yamba B, Brownlee a, Timyan J postpartum., most practices are beneficial to the socio-economic context read and re-read separately by the family, 12, ]... Saturation was achieved with regard to key topics in Fuqing County maternal and children 's and! Sweet baby, eating fewer fruit and vegetables give this herb common view is sexual... N'T Ignored she 's a mother should not bathe or wash hair the!, support, and Ha, S. W. ( 1997 ):.. Practical guide blood and help the recovery process on the alimentary canal and preparation of the province population D... Feeding is very good and can provide balanced nutrition for the baby and damage spleen... Chinese culture is very good and can provide balanced nutrition for the control diarrhoeal! Tell us to have more space '' ( Husband, urban family 4 ) Pennsylvania Williams. Restrictions, but I did not give the same rationale were growing well forced my.. 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